cytotec costo en farmacias mexico is paroxetine bad for your teeth antibiotics 1 hari 4 kali bupropion xl 150 mg weight gain azithromycin milk thistle liquid clomid dosage pct misoprostol tabletas 100 mcg amitriptyline 25mg for sleep viagra overdose 200mg pregnant use cytotec with cyst what cost purchase azithromycin does lisinopril cause dehydration valor en la india del kilo de metformina 500 mg jerking and lexapro propranolol hcl er 60 mg side effects plavix versus aspirin can flagyl be used as emgerancy contraceptives switching from bupropion sr and bupropion hcl xl can you take brufen with furosemide discount generic cialis tadalafil ace inhibitors iin maxalt buspar valerian root erythromycin lotion shelf life linezolide opioids treatment for levofloxacin infiltrate does rizatriptan benzoate contain aspirin can l buy clomiphene on online obat penyubur tamoxifen where to buy lamisil tablets can i get fucked up from zofran terbinafine hydrochloride for sale sertraline effectiveness and weight gain augmentin and alcohol topamax 25 mg 60 film tablet sciatic pain with zoloft gestodene 0.075 mg ethinyl estradiol 0.02 mg plavix platelet inhibition test thuoc valtrex guidelines for use of linezolid myashenia gravis and paxil order levitra prescription dangers of plavix tome cytotec y no me baja whats the difference between zoloft and sertraline hcl albuterol sulfate inhaler how long before it works is 40mg of cialis too much in one day w 941 lisinopril lamisil 250 for yeast infection whats the strongest amoxicillin syrup for babies singulair 4 mg overdose ondansetron odt 8mg tablets during pregnancy can you have prednisone withdrawal after 5 days amoxicillin and marvelon remeron cost canada will hydrochlorothiazide and wine give a buzz tamoxifen citrate for females working out why should you take montelukast in the eve ambien with levofloxacin zyprexa 300mg albuterol inhaler and breathalyzer tests how long should you give tetracycline to a cat viagra prices sri lanka does diflucan work for oral thrush how much is a diflucan tablet from priceline will captopril help me with opiate withdrawal baclofen elixir dose duloxetine 15 mg zoloft and hydrocodone sildenafil lafrancol topiramate anxiety can u snort buspar will muscle relaxer be taken with metronidazole montelukast price mercury drug directions for cialis is phenergan available in canada side effects of glucophage xr on menstral cycle doxycycline 100mg acne side effects albuterol 0.083 neb nephron need a nebulizer dexamethasone kasiat efek samping cheap cytotec valacyclovir 1 gm will naproxen give you a high neurontin side effects forum amoxicillin berapa how much does it cost to produce antibiotics diflucan one over the counter gindara xenical fish 112 mcg levothyroxine cytotec comprimidos misoprostol isotretinoin nur 3 monate how much is cialis in canada price how long can you use amitriptyline street value 750 mg neurontin zoloft withdrawal side effects for over a month can i take painkillers with gabapentin bactrim forte dosage ciprodex otic for pink eye no prescription viagra online canada albuterol sulfate 0.083 dosage atarax 0.25mg ulotka po pols cheap kamagra 100mg can metoprolol and doxycycline be taken together nexium difference in tablet and capsule metronidazole 125mg pediatric dose order propecia canada dog ate lopressor buy zovirax ointment online wellbutrin 300xl half life peak plasma concentration norvascsynthroidsynthroid tremors mifepristone misoprostol uae is it okay to rest when weaning off lexapro medline india ketoconazole tablets list precio misoprostol presentacion prednisone 50 mg for thombocytopenia in dogs micardis cost doxycycline hyclate causing gout can you get high off of lisinopril 10 mg voltaren gel sacroiliac el tecta y nexium mups son lo mismo buy fluconazole yeast infection digoxin 125 mcg tab taking valtrex during breastfeeding diflucan not work for systemic candida capsule acyclovir zovirax 400 mg price in pakistan cost of antiviral drugs for shingles uk wellbutrin and estroven can a dog on morphine tablets also use flagyl cialis how long do it take to work walmart acyclovir pills for sale strep throat antibiotic dosage metoprolol tartrate recreational use voltaren rapid 25 from woolworths cymbalta and sweating buy plavix pharmacy doxepin 10mg for ibs para que es cyproheptadine 2mg yperiactin 2mg cialis beta blocker interaction fargoxin. digoxin 0.25 mg cost of zyprexa generic telmisartan 40 mg cost can you use buspar to taper off of mirtazapine levaquin 500mg and azithromycin 1.0 gm for sale day 8 roaccutane uso de misoprostol sin sangrado street price for naproxen 500mg side effects of paxil and fosomax taken together buy lisinopril tablets online medroxyprogesterone generic name valacyclovir viroxyn stops cold sores zyvox 500 in indonesia oral prednisone poison ivy effects of melatonin and celexa in high doses can i take a generic tylenol pm with zoloft augmentin bid 1000 mg tonsilitis advantages of fluconazole glimepiride 2 mg prednisone 20 mg does it has side effect of hair loss acyclovir cream generic price price of moller wedel allegra 300 chlamydia azithromycin make you fertile temps de reponse zyprexa wiki provera 500 mg kamagra ili vijagra olanzapine 40 mg buspar costco tapering down to 50mg of topamax in the evening nursing responsibilities related to doxycycline capoten 10 mg can zyvox be crushed generic septra ds side effects cyproheptadine migraine mirtazapine for depression and tremors discount levitra online how much is provera medication here in south africa allergic reaction fluconazole what to do cuanto cuesta el lisinopril equivalent of flomax 8mg singulair asthma dosage bedtime dosage does propecia make you breathless is it safe to masterbate when metronidazole vaginal gel zoloft 16 year old hoe werkt het cytotec how does cytotec misoprostol works sirve la cytotec con 18 semanas cialis 20m vs5mg metronidazole first trimester terbinafine hydrochloride cream femara 4 follicles inhalers without prescription amoxil 7 days 3 day ciprol effective can premarin be crushed lamisil tablette england kaufen que pasa si tomo cytotec a la quinta semana prednisone dosage is 60 mg too much cytotec in mauritius zithromax antibiotic prescribed for augmentin 36 weeks pregnant use sildenafil 50 with dapoxetine 30 capoten 50 furosemide patch brand name in philippines ic indomethacin 50 mg capsule deltasone or prednisone effect on inactive tb levofloxacin meningitis buy zofran cheap voltaren pr dose 12.5mg formulasi dan mid map sildenafil sitrat ciprofloxacin for perioral dermatitis escitalopram 10mg tablets overdose acyclovir ship to malaysia finasteride side effects reversible montelukast for sale online lipitor 20 mg 90 tb prednisone in older people mobic 415a review how much to give my dog 500mg amoxicillin dexamethasone 6.6mg can zyban cause my period to be early que contiene el montelukast 10 mg alcohol consumption while taking lamisil werking misoprostol does zoloft make you crazy when you lower your dose escitalopram price walgreens doxycycline dosge for dogs with uri buspirone 15 mg will it get you high lexapro with multi vitamin augmentin 875 can cure trichomonos levofloxacin and tinnitus how much is gabapentin street cost albuterol over the counter substitute amlodipine tab 10mg perdorimi gabapentin ratiopharm codeine neurontin withdrawal shortness of breath will a shot of prednisone cause whit dots on tongue amlodipine and atenolol tab furosemide po iv conversion azithromycin 250 mg es malo para embarazadas do buspirone side effects go away classification bcs topiramate para que sirve hyzaar de 100 125 m can propranolol 10 mg damage the brain in anxiety tamsulosin hcl 0.4 mg ti generic tamsulosin manufacturers misoprostol dosage celebrex 100mg cap citalopram 10mg street value lanoxin 250 bijsluiter viagra 400mg how much does zithromax cost in ireland can i break avapro 300 in half flagyl 500 mg for dogs with elevated liver count giving amoxicillin 875 mg to dogs cheapest lamisil tablets terbinafine hci 250 diflucan for mold too much cialis opposite buy doxycycline china clomid twins 50mg getting high on 50mg zoloft can you work when quitting cymbalta cold turkey augmentin pour la longe arab if i stop the metformin will the paresthesia stop can wellbutrin how to curb alcohol cravings levofloxacin 500mg treatment for what uso de cytotec caducada para abortar can i take 25 mcg misoprostol only for an abortion fungoral ketoconazole for acne does amoxillin and clayulanate potassium effect sperm price of albuterol nebulizer solution buy voltaren tablets uk cheap nizoral shampoo uk buy alendronate sodium beda ketonazole dan metronidazole atorvastatin 20 mg recall wellbutrin 450 mg bipolar nizoral shampoo saudi arabia lamisil nail polish price zithromax 4 pills at once will still work with alcohol will it hurt if i accidentally took 2 bactrim 800 mg novartis voltaren 25mg suppos certificate of analysis sertraline 150mg tremors how long is azithromycin good for after reconstitution do you need refridgerate liquid septra gabapentin nel cane zyprexa 10mg tab how much is acyclovir cream in south african pharmacies plavix 300 mg filmtabletten viagra online shop online approval pill finder furosemide 40 mg revatio price canada doxazosina 4 mg nombre comercial sildenafil actavis 100g cost propecia much does paxil and magnesium for anxiety ranitidine can it be taken with fluconazole prozac 94 percent fluoride ron valsartan bactrim ds for bacterial vaginosis citalopram 30 mg lexapro 10mg during pregnancy prednisone dosage instructions 6 day taper does azithromycin work for pneumonia in kids how many hours apart do i take buspar zoloft and caffeine interaction can you crush metronidazole tablets doxycycline cold sores proscar walgreens buy levitra pen sildenafil vaga drug uses flagyl and augmentin forte combination propranolol and alcohol nizoral cream hair loss cream order tadalafil online no prescription estradiol 9000 metronidazole cure for pyenephritis what kind of antibiotic do you take for a cyst buspirone 40 mg cyproheptadine for cats buy generic propecia online forum buy viagra wholesale lisinopril 80 mg a day tamoxifen bodybuilding pct inderalici para la ansiedad kamagra online australia paypal cymbalta swelling buy nizoral tablets online abroad antitode for amitriptyline long term side effects amiodarone order set how long should someone take quetiapine for anxiety for cialis cheap overnight delivery clomid for men reviews sony8 bangla adalat kd tone tamoxifen citrate raise testosterone nizoral shampoo hair loss price in pakistan how to write an inhaler prescription amoxicillin 3 2 x is it safe to take paxil and adrene vine buy acyclovir without a prescription sildenafil actavis 100 mg dexamethasone 0.75mg untuk apa reviews on lisinopril and hydrochlorothiazide candida diflucan months treatment needed metoprolol tartrate and grapefruit remeron face pain levofloxacina y embarazo can take fluconazole two days row viagra delivery in 24 hours depo provera after 4 years natural alternative to bactrim ds for tooth abscess seroquel 75 mg side effects withdrawal from citalopram 20 mg for three days flagyl po for wound dose genfar vs amoxil how much does cytotec pills costs in south africa how long will nitroglycerin offer relieve cheap viagra pills australia como comprar misoprostol en estados unidos salep ketoconazole obat apa glucophage xr convert to glucophage alpha apeti cyproheptadine tablets cheap viagra online in us oral metronidazole side effects montelukast sandoz with loratadine how often can you give albuterol for croup informacion de doxycycline hyclate lustral sertraline reviews gabapentin mastubation venta de misoprostol en farmacias similares dapoxetine purchase in india doxycycline 75 mg generic discount coupons for cialis esomeprazole krka side effects z pack prednisone levofloxin levitra interaction can we used statin with cialis does acyclovir effect erection co to jest clonidine

Information for Transformation

This self-help alternative medicine site offers extensive educational information on the topics of natural healing, holistic and biological dentistry, herbal medicine, cleansing and detoxification, heavy metal detox, diet, nutrition, weight loss, and the finest, tried and tested health equipment and products available for the natural management of health.











Intestinal Health

Sites of Nutrient Absorption of the Gastrointestinal Tract




Salt is one of the most necessary nutrients to the human body that there is. Salt is involved in thousands of metabolic processes, and, without enough of it you will get sick and then die. One of the most noteworthy salt-related processes of the human body is the production of stomach acid. The molecular structure of salt is NaCl - sodium chloride. The molecular structure of stomach acid is HCl - hydrochloric acid. Your body gets the chloride molecule it needs to keep its stomach acid strong and healthy from salt (calcium is also an important player here). If you don't have enough salt, your stomach acid will be weak. If your stomach acid is weak, you cannot digest your food completely. If you cannot digest your food completely, you develop nutrient deficiencies. Nutrient deficiencies are the MAIN CAUSE of all chronic disease. Therefore salt is IMPORTANT! When your stomach acid is weak (from a lack of salt), you develop heartburn! Heartburn is caused by NOT ENOUGH stomach acid - not too much. Start salting your food to taste and your heartburn will disappear in about 3 weeks.


The foods important to life are basically protein, carbohydrate and fat. But these nutrients are useless without the process of digestion. This brief review of digestion--the breakdown of foods into small components to be absorbed for use--demonstrates how incredibly effective this process is. The digestive tract was designed to accomodate all manner of natural foods. There is reason and order in the process. For instance, food undergoing preliminary digestion in the stomach leaves through the pylorus to the small intestine in an organized manner: First, carbohydrate; second, protein and third, fat. This makes sense, since carbohydrate requires more splitting work in the small intestine and is first to leave the stomach. Much protein breakdown occurs in the stomach, so it is second to leave. Fat needs a lot of digestive action and takes the longest (especially in the small intestine), so it is reasonable that they travel the slowest. The digestive tract has a wonderful system worked out so that we don't have to even think about it other than feeding it good, wholesome and natural foods.

The digestive system can and does routinely handle protein, carbohydrate and fat. Many natural foods contain all three. The digestive system is capable of breaking down most foods, the only exception is devitalized foods...overly cooked, processed, chemicalized, altered or hydrogenated. The body can't use such "foods" and can't digest them as normal foods. All it can do is break them down to some degree and try to get rid of them as quickly as possible. Any defect in one phase of digestion hampers another. As an example: Eating between meals not only increases stomach emptying time, but also confuses the colon so that the defecation schedule may be altered, resulting in constipation. Certain substances may be absorbed without any digestion; these are water, monosaccharides (glucose, etc.), and inorganic ions. The lipids, di- and poly-saccharides, and proteins must be broken down into more simple constituents before they can be absorbed. With natural, wholesome and unaltered foods, sufficient hydrochloric acid and other digestive juices can be produced which even clean up unwanted bacteria and other toxic by-products. The key, then, is consuming good, whole, natural foods--with minimal cooking or alteration.


Food Combining and Timing



The chemistry of digestion is really simple; with all the three major types of foodprotein, carbohydrate and fatthe same basic process of hydrolysis is used. Hydrolysis is a reaction involving water so that chemical decomposition takes place. The chyme (partially broken-down food with stomach juices) is split into simpler compounds. The only differences in the digestion of protein, fat and carbohydrate are the enzymes needed to stimulate the proper reactions for each type of food.


Hydrochloric Acid

Chemically speaking, hydrochloric acid is hydrogen chloride (HCl) in a water solution. It’s found naturally in our own gastric acid.


If your hydrochloric acid levels are up to par, you’ll experience good digestion and good nutrient absorption, and you’ll be protected from harmful pathogens and parasites. But if your HCL levels are low, you may show such symptoms as fatigue, hair loss, impaired digestion, candida, gastritis, slow healing and vitamin B12 deficiency and a host of other maladies. That’s how much HCL affects your health.


Ample organic sodium in the stomach is necessary to protect stomach cells from hydrochloric acid. If that protection isn’t available, the body’s natural protection systems inhibit HCL production so as to protect the stomach lining.


As digestion uses up the stomach’s organic sodium, it begins ‘stealing’ needed sodium from elsewhere in the body. This can weaken muscles and even, over a long term, promote arthritis. Indeed, want of certain minerals—organic sodium among these—can mark the beginning of old age.


HCl is produced in the parietal cells of the stomach and is needed for the absorption of vitamins and minerals such as calcium, iron, folic acid and the B vitamins. Sufficient stomach acid is imperative for destroying certain microorganisms, bacteria, fungi and parasites.


If you want to ensure adequate HCL production, or increase production, you can go about this in a few ways.


Consuming adequate organic sodium is essential. People placed on a sodium-restricted diet will have a hard time making enough hydrochloric acid. Celery is a great way to get organic sodium. Include it liberally in your diet, especially in vegetable juice. Wheatgrass is also extremely high in organic sodium. Seek out other sodium-rich foods, too, such as any of the sea vegetables, aloe vera, or barley grass juice.


A B12 deficiency may be directly related to your body’s ability to produce sufficient hydrochloric acid in your stomach.


General allergies and, specifically, food allergies are correlated with low HCl. Poor food breakdown and the "leaky gut" syndrome are associated with food allergies. More than half the people with gallstones show decreased HCl secretion compared with gallstone-free patients. Diabetics have lower secretion, as do people with eczema, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, vitiligo, and tooth and periodontal disease. With low stomach acid levels, there can be an increase in bacteria, yeasts, and parasites growing in the intestines.


Hydrochloric acid supplementation is available primarily as betaine hydrochloride. When a 5–10 grain (1 grain = 64 mg.) tablet is taken before, during, or after meals, it should help proteins break down into peptides and amino acids and fats into triglycerides. Glutamic acid hydrochloride is used sometimes in formulas, but this amino acid is only mildly acidic and does not work as well as betaine hydrochloride. Betaine may be used alone, in supplements, or along with pepsin or other digestive agents.


HCl is a stimulus to pancreatic secretions, containing the majority of enzymes that actively break down foods. The poor digestion of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates then further contributes to poor assimilation and nutritional problems. Thus, when they are needed, supplemental support of digestive enzymes may be even more important than HCl.


Enzymes are large protein molecules that act as catalysts or inducers of chemical changes. They trigger and speed up the chemical reactions included in digestion, so that food substances are broken down into simpler substances. A human being is not maintained by his food intake, but rather, by what is digested. Enzymes are involved in every process of the body. Life could not exist without them. Enzymes digest all of our food and make it small enough to pass through the minute pores of the intestines into the blood. Enzymes in the blood take prepared, digested food and build muscles, nerves, blood and glands. They assist in storing sugar in the liver and muscles, and turn fat into fatty tissue. Enzymes aid in the formation of urea to be eliminated as urine and also in the elimination of carbon dioxide in the lungs. There is an enzyme that builds phosphorus into bone and nerve tissue, and one to help attach iron to red blood cells. Male sperm carries enzymes that dissolve the tiny crevice in the female egg membrane, so it may gain entrance into it. These few examples exemplify the importance of enzymes to our everyday body functions.

The enzymes in raw food actually digest up to 75% of the food without the help of the enzymes secreted by the body. There are three major classes of enzymes: metabolic enzymes (enzymes which work in blood, tissues, and organs), food enzymes from raw food, and digestive enzymes. We inherited an enzyme reserve at birth and this quantity can be decreased as we age by eating an enzyme-deficient diet. Nature has placed enzymes in food to aid in the digestive process instead of forcing the body's enzymes to do all of the work. Once we cook food at high temperatures, the enzyme is destroyed. It no longer carries on its designated function. By eating most of our food cooked, our digestive systems have to produce all of the enzymes, thus causing an enlargement of the digestive organs. To supply such enzymes, the body draws on its reserve from all organs and tissues, causing a metabolic deficit. One can live for many years on a cooked food diet but eventually this will cause cellular enzyme exhaustion which lays the foundation for a weak immune system and disease. Although the physical protein molecule is still present, it has lost its life force. Much like a battery that has lost its power, the physical structure remains but the electrical energy which once animated it is no longer present. A protein molecule is actually only the carrier of enzyme activity. Just as a light bulb can only light up when you put an electric current through it. It is animated by electricity. The current is the life force of the bulb.

Digestion Of Protein

Protein--like meat, fish, eggs, milk products, some vegetables, nuts, etc,--are long chains of amino acids. The types and arrangements of these amino acids determine the characteristics of the protein. The important digestive enzyme of the stomach, pepsin, is most active at a pH of about 2 and totally inactive at a pH above approximately 5. So, for pepsin to affect any digestive action on protein, the stomach juices must be acidic. Hydrochloric acid provides the acid environment. It is excreted by parietal cells at a pH of about 0.8, but after being mixed with the stomach contents and secretions of other glandular cells of the stomach, the pH ranges around 2 or 3. This is ideal and imperative for pepsin activity. Pepsin can essentially digest any protein in the diet. Even collagen, present, for example, in connective tissue of meat, can be digested by pepsin even though other digestive enzymes cannot affect it. Collagen fibers must be digested before the cellular protein of the meat can be digested. Lacking sufficient hydrochloric acid or pepsin, protein foods are poorly penetrated by other digestive enzymes further on and are thus poorly digested. After leaving the lower stomach, protein has been broken down from long protein molecules into shorter strings of amino acids (the building blocks of protein). As soon as these partially broken-down products enter the small intestine, they are "attacked" by pancreatic enzymes like trypsin, chymotrypsin and carboxypolypeptidase. These enzymes break down the protein even more, some to even the final stage of individual amino acids. Simply, it would be like taking apart, piece by piece, a child's toysseparating the combination of pieces. The walls of the small intestine contain and use several different enzymes for final breakdown.

All the proteolytic (hastening protein breakdown) enzymes--including those of the stomach, pancreatic juice and intestinal lining--are very specific for the breaking down of individual protein combinations. A specific enzyme is needed for each specific type of amino acid-linkage. That's why there are so many enzymes and why all the digestive enzymes are needed. When food is properly chewed, not eaten to excess at one time and the digestive juices are allowed to function as they should, about 98 percent of all protein is totally broken down to individual amino acids or pairs or short strings of them (polypeptides). Now the intestine can absorb them. The enzymes in the small intestine require a slightly alkaline environment to work. Since the food coming from the stomach is (or should be) an acid mix, the pancreas pours a strongly alkaline juice into the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine).

Absorption Of Protein

Most protein is absorbed in the form of single amino acids (the building blocks of protein), but some are absorbed as two or three amino-acid combinations. The different types of amino acids are absorbed selectively, and absorption is rapid; as soon as "free" individual amino acids are isolated or fractionated, they are absorbed.

Digestion Of Carbohydrate

One of the primary goals of the digestive process is to provide every body cell with sufficient amounts of energy to sustain itself and remain alive. Many of the vital chemical reactions that take place in the cell require energy, which is derived from the oxidation of the glucose, within the cell. Glucose is carried to the cell as the end product of carbohydrate metabolism.

There, in the presence of enzymes and oxygen, the glucose is converted into carbon dioxide, water and energy. The carbon dioxide and water are non-essential by-products of this reaction; the important product is the heat energy, which is derived from the glucose.

glucose + oxygen = carbon dioxide + water + heat

(enzyme) (energy)

The oxygen used in this chemical reaction is brought from the lungs to the cells by the red blood cells, containing hemoglobin. The hemoglobin and oxygen combine chemically until enzymes in the cell separate them for the oxidation process. Glucose is one of literally hundreds of chemical compounds called carbohydrates or saccharides. The molecules of all carbohydrates are made up of building blocks called simple sugars. Carbohydrates may be subdivided into three groups:

Monosaccharides, like glucose, consist of a single sugar building block.

Disaccharides, like common table sugar (sucrose) consist of two simple sugar building blocks.

Polysaccharides, like starch and cellulose, consist of many simple sugar building blocks joined together in a long line in daisy-chain fashion.

It appears that the only carbohydrate of any chemical value to the body is the simple sugar or monosaccharide called glucose. Therefore, one of the major goals of the digestive process is to extract the glucose from the various carbohydrates that we ingest every day. Carbohydrate sources are primarily starches (like grains) and sugars (like cane sugar, milk sugar, fruit sugar). The enzyme ptyalin or amylase in the saliva begins to break down the food in the mouth. Food does not stay in the mouth long enough for ptyalin to complete the breakdown of starches. Yet the action of ptyalin continues for several hours after food has entered the stomach...until the food is mixed with the stomach secretions. Once the pH of the food's environment falls below approximately 4.0, as will occur in the second portion of the stomach, this enzyme becomes nonactive. But, before this happens, 30 to 40 percent of the starches will have been changed into maltose and isomaltose. They are now ready to enter the small intestine as part of the chyme. When muscle tone and other factors are normal, the result is a beautifully timed and regulated pumping. With each strong wave of movement, several milliliters of chyme are forced from the stomach into the duodenum. This stomach and intestinal reflex is especially sensitive to the presence of irritants, breakdown products of protein digestion, proper concentration of fluid and to substances too acid or too alkaline.

As covered previously, this emphasizes the need for sufficient hydrochloric acid and other gastric secretions, the importance of drinking water before eating and the avoidance of antacids or other drugs that would interfere with or halt digestion. As much as 30 to 40 percent of starches have been changed (broken down) into maltose and isomaltose (combinations of simple sugars) before reaching the small intestine. After the chyme enters the duodenum and mixes with pancreatic juice, starches, not yet split, are immediately digested by amylase. Like saliva, pancreatic secretions contains large amounts of amylase, acting identically to the amylase in saliva, splitting the starches into maltose and isomaltose. Carbohydrate, split down into simple sugar combinations (disaccharides), lactose, sucrose, maltose and isomaltose, are then split even further into just simple sugars (monosaccharides) by enzymes from the cells lining the small intestine. These simple sugars (galactose, glucose, fructose) are then absorbed into portal blood...that is, on their way to the liver. About 80 percent of the final products of carbohydrate digestion is glucose. Blood sugar is glucose.

Absorption Of Carbohydrate

As mentioned, most all carbohydrate is absorbed as simple sugars. Transport through the intestinal membrane is selective; each type of simple sugar has its own maximum rate of transport. Competition for transport can exist between certain sugars, and transport can be blocked by numerous processes. A complex but impressively efficient system!

Digestion Of Fat

Fat in the diet is most commonly triglycerides or neutral fat found in both animals and plants. Cholesterol, cholesterol-compounds and phospholipids also are normal fats in foods. Because a large quantity of fat dumped into the blood stream at one time is deleterious to health and might fatally clog the circulatory system, a mechanism for retardation of stomach emptying of fat is present. When a bit of fat enters the duodenum, a chemical message is sent to the brain which then signals the stomach to cease releasing more material into the duodenum until it has taken care of the fat. Fat may stay in the stomach for four hours or longer, producing at the time a sensation of satiety (filled up) but rendering fermentation more likely. Since fermentation products irritate the stomach, and an irritated stomach subsequently evokes a greater sensation of hunger, the practice of eating fats for satiety is self-defeating. Fats clog the digestion. Much pain and indigestion have their origin with fats eaten. Only a small amount of fat is digested in the stomach by gastric lipase, a fat-splitting enzyme. Essentially, most fat digestion occurs in the small intestine. First, the fat globules must be broken into small sizes so enzymes can act. This emulsification is accomplished under the influence of bile, a secretion of the liver. Bile is stored in the gallbladder and drawn upon as needed. Bile contains a large amount of bile salts, the main function of which is to make fat globules break down. This is similar to the action of some household detergents that remove grease.

The "detergent" function of bile salts is essential to fat digestion, for the lipase (fat-splitting enzymes) can "attack" the fat globules only on their surfaces. The smaller the fat particles, the better digestion. Pancreatic lipase is the most important enzyme in fat digestion. In concert, the epithelial lining of the small intestine also releases a small amount of lipase. Both lipases (pancreatic and intestinal) act to digest fat. Bile salts also form micelles, small sphericle globules. These micelles help remove the end products of fat digestion so further fat digestion can continue. These little micelles transport their cargo to the lining of the small intestine, where they're absorbed. The bile salts then return for more cargo, thus providing a "ferry service." So important are bile salts that, when in adequate supply, about 97 percent of fat is absorbed. If insufficient, only 50 to 60 percent is absorbed.

Absorption Of Fat

Upon contacting the membrane lining of the small intestine, the end products of fat digestion become dissolved in the membrane and diffuse to the interior of the cell. As the split fat molecules enter the lining cells, intestinal lipase (enzyme) helps to further digest them. Triglycerides are formed in these cells and, along with cholesterol and phospholipids (other absorbed fat), they are given a protein coat. Thus "dressed," these final fat products pass into spaces between the cells and into the villi. Most of these fatty acids are then propelled, along with lymph (a fluid) by the lymphatic pump system. About 80 to 90 percent of digested fat is absorbed in this manner. Small amounts of fatty acids are absorbed directly into the blood going to the liver.


The whole digestive tract needs many nutrients, similarly, from mouth to anus. Vitamin A-complex, for example, is imperative to mucous membranes and any lining surfaces of the gastrointestinal tract. Vitamin A deficiency could increase lining irritability and tendency to inflammation, thus a factor in ulcers (peptic, gastric or duodenal), gastroenteritis, etc. Inflammation of the small intestine and cecum is frequent in vitamin A deficiency. (British Medical Journal, 1:99, Jan. 19, 1935, M.B. Richards) "When deficiences are present in an advanced degree they have been invariably associated with characteristic changes in the small intestine." Other nutrients, when deficient, give similar indications (JAMA, 104:613, Feb. 23, 1935, Mackie and Pound). Vitamin B-complex is an important factor in maintaining muscle tone (like at the ileocecal valve) and a deficiency results in a dilation of vascular walls through an effect upon the muscular layer. With vitamin B deficit, muscular walls relax (loss of appetite) and intestinal walls enlarge. Deficiency also leads to a tendency for intestinal immobility, lack of gastric secretions, ulcers, lowered appetite and impaired digestion and absorption of digestive juices is inhibited. Thus, B-complex is absolutely essential for neurological control. Vitamin C complex(not ascorbic acid) is essential to the health of mucous membrane linings and blood vessels. Results of deficiency include ulceration of the intestine, mucous membrane hemorrhages and intestinal enlargement--early signs of scurvy.

Insufficient vitamin E complex can lead to a wasting of muscles in the digestive tract, but is also essential to a healthy mucous membrane. All the amino acids(the building blocks of protein) are important to digestion and the digestive tract. Deficiencies of various amino acids have been associated with duodenal and gastric ulcers; nausea; lack of growth, maintainance or repair of tissue; excessive inflammation; impaired secretion of gastric juices; loss of muscular tone, etc. Minerals such as potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc and others are required by the gastrointestinal tract also. Reported benefits to disorders like ulcers, reflex reactions (contractions, etc.), malabsorption, nerve balance, are numerous. Digestive aids are often needed until health of the digestive tract is improved to the point where digestion and absorption can be handled without added assistance. They tend to preserve the normal pH, maintain elasticity of connective tissues, and promote repair and healing reactions. They supply essential trace minerals, digestive enzymes, intrinsic factor (for absorption of B12) and detoxifying substances as well. These supplements have been reported as effective in ulcerative lesions (as in gastric or duodenal ulcers), indigestion, intestinal irritations, and so on. People are never "allergic" to natural foods.

Normal yeasts, bacteria and other "microorganisms" found in healthy bodies do not suddenly attack nor grow uncontrollably through the body. Imbalances and harmful progressions occur only when natural, normal systems have been ruined by poisons, toxins or unnatural "foods" perpetrated by man. Your cells know "you are what you eat." Attractive, happy surroundings in an atmosphere of gratitude to the Creator increase the efficiency of digestion and assimilation. Negative emotions such as anger, anxiety, and discontent have an inhibitory effect on the functions of secretion and peristalsis. Thoughts affect the hypothalamus, which influences the autonomic nervous system to bring about these inhibitions. A prayer of thanksgiving before a meal, however, has a salutary effect on digestion.


Home Site Map Natural Healing


Search this site

Free Catalog Contact Us Dictionary About Us Natural Healing